Issues & Challenges for Councils

Issues and Challenges for Councils

Issues & Challenges for Councils

Councillors need to have an overview of the issues which are of concern to the public. People may contact you about these issues and you may be taking decisions relating to them. You’ll need to understand the issues, what action is planned nationally and locally, what power the council has to take action and how communities can work together for mutual support.

Leaving the European Union

In 2016, 52.5% of voters in Wales supported the UK’s exit from the European Union. The UK left the EU at 11pm on 31st Jan 2020. A transition period followed until 31st Dec 2020 when the UK formally left the European Single Market and Customs Union.

Read more about the effects of leaving the European Union on public services and councils.

Economic Development

Economic Development is a process to improve the wellbeing of citizens in a range of areas, including economic prosperity, life expectancy and educational achievement. In Wales, the Welsh Government has taken a regional approach to Economic Development.

Health & Social Care


Climate Change, Decarbonisation & Biodiversity

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris, in December 2015 and entered into force in November 2016. Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. Even if the world achieves these aims, the UK will face significant further changes in climate to 2050 and beyond.


As finite resources dwindle, Wales, as a nation, needs to become better at managing our resources. This includes what we traditionally thought of as ‘waste’. In this way we can conserve resources, support the economy and provide sustainable jobs for future generations.


Transport has an important part to play in tackling climate change and helping with the decarbonisation agenda, as it makes up some 17% of Wales’s total carbon emissions.
In March 2021 Welsh Government published an ambitious Transport Strategy, promising ‘A Transport system fit for future generations’.

Community Safety 

Community Safety Partnerships

Whilst not all councillors will be members of their Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) it is important for all to understand what community safety is and what CSPs are.

Community safety is the means through which citizens feel safe across all communities and environments in Wales, delivering strong, safe and confident communities in such a manner that provides equality of opportunity, social justice, resilience and is sustainable for all and enables community cohesion. Community Safety incorporates public safety, modern slavery and exploitation, serious violence and organised crime, anti-social behaviour, violence against women domestic abuse and sexual violence as well as terrorism and extremism.

Newport police